1854 Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of the Immaculate Conception.
1886 The American Federation of Labor was founded at a convention of union leaders in Columbus, Ohio.
1941 Congress declared war on Japan and the U.S. entered World War II.
1949 Communist attacks forced the Chinese Nationalist government to flee to the island of Formosa (Taiwan).
1978 Former Israeli prime minister Golda Meir died.
1980 John Lennon, former member of the Beatles, was shot and killed in New York City by a deranged fan.
1987 President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev signed the first treaty to reduce the nuclear arsenals of the two superpowers.
1993 President Bill Clinton signed The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) into law.
(You want to know how we got to this bad place..NAFTA and GAFT both under Clinton...The selling out of America,just saying)