1824 The presidential election between John Q. Adams, Andrew Jackson, William Crawford, and Henry Clay was turned over to the House of Representatives due to the lack of an electoral-vote majority.
1887 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes appeared for the first time in print in the story "A Study in Scarlet."
1955 Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her front-section bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Ala.
1959 Twelve nations, including the United States, signed a treaty setting aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve free from military activity.
1997 Representatives from more than 150 countries gathered at a global warming summit in Kyoto, Japan, and over the course of ten days forged an agreement to control the emission of greenhouse gases. President Bush pulled the U.S. out of the Kyoto Protocol in 2001.
1998 Exxon and Mobil agreed to merge, creating the world's largest corporation.