1783 With the Marquis d'Arlandes, Pilâtre de Rozier made the first free flight in a balloon, reaching a peak altitude of about 3,000 ft and traveling about 5 1/2 mi in 20 min.
1789 North Carolina became the 12th state.
1922 Georgia's Rebecca Felton was sworn into the U.S. Senate, becoming the first woman U.S. Senator.
1934 Cole Porter's musical Anything Goes opened in New York City.
1969 For the first time since 1930, the U.S. Senate rejected a Supreme Court nominee, Clement Haynsworth.
1973 The 18 1/2 min gap in the Richard Nixon Watergate tapes was revealed.
1991 Egypt's Boutros Boutros-Ghali was chosen to become secretary-general by the UN Security Council.