1520 Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan passed through the strait which bears his name to the Pacific ocean.
1919 American-born Lady Astor became the first woman to take a seat on the British Parliament.
1942 Almost 500 people died in the Coconut Grove nightclub fire in Boston.
1943 Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin met in Tehran for their first meeting during World War II
1964 The U.S. spacecraft Mariner 4 launched—on its way to the first successful mission to Mars.
1990 Margaret Thatcher resigned as prime minister of Great Britain; John Major took over.